Catching Motion in a Photograph: Freezing and Blurred Motion
Catching motion in a photograph can be done in two ways. The first is by freezing the motion, as shown in the IBC Root Beer image, it freezes the water droplets in mid-air. The second form for catching motion in a photograph is to capture blurred motion as shown in the second image of the sugar and strawberry.
To freeze motion you must use auxiliary lighting or have your shutter speed set to a faster speed. A fast speed could be about 1/500. The other option to use lighting requires a flash in the dark and a slower shutter speed. The flash will cause light to hit the subject once. This will catch the motion and will freeze it like with the water droplets and root beer.
The second form of catching motion in a photograph that is blurry requires a slower shutter speed and possible a tripod. The shutter speed used below for the strawberry and sugar picture was about 1/150. I had an auxiliary LED light to help brighten the subject. As the sugar was poured, the shutter speed was slow enough that it caught the trails of the sugar.
Catching motion in a photograph requires good lighting and an adjusted shutter speed depending on what kind of motion you want to capture. You can check out this guide to capturing motion in photography from Digital Photography School for more tips.